Entrepreneurship resources

Looking for information on Entrepreneurship or Small Business? entrepreneurship

The Business Library is a great place to get started with your research!

Entrepreneurship Research Guide
This guide is very comprehensive and provides many relevant sources of information. Use the tabs in the blue toolbar to find:
– general information sources
– relevant books and databases
– directories
– market research (demographics and statistics; consumer trends)
– business plans
– feasibility
– financing
– marketing
– franchises
– family business

Other relevant research guides will help with market research:

Business Plans Handbook canadian business plans
This is a multi-volume set of books that compiles sample business plans for small businesses of all types in North America. Available in print format in the Business Library.

SME Benchmarking Tool (Industry Canada)
This tool provides financial performance data based on industry averages. View benchmark balance sheet data and ratios for average small and medium-sized businesses by industry with an option to include your own income statement and balance sheet information in the report.

Canada Business Network (Government of Canada)This is an excellent resource for Canadian entrepreneurs. It covers everything you need to consider regarding entrepreneurship in Canada: starting, planning, financing, managing, growing and government.

Business Link: Alberta’s Business Information Service
Provides extensive information and resources to help you succeed in business in Alberta. The left-side navigation directs you to relevant topics on entrepreneurship.

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Fracking debate

There has been much media buzz surrounding the debate over hydraulic fracturing and its environment impact. Fracking_Site_in_Warren_Center,_PA

In the news:

Recently groups held demonstrations in New Brunswick (and other sites) in protest of this method of extracting oil and natural gas from shale deposits.
See Globe and Mail article:
N.B. Premier firm on shale-gas pledge as anti-fracking protesters cheer injunction’s end

France Upholds Ban on Hydraulic Fracturing (NY Times, Oct. 11, 2013)

New Fracking Study Could Completely Shift the Debate (PolicyMic Oct. 2, 2013)
– includes a link to the published study

Fracking Debate Divides New York (Wall Street Journal, Aug. 2013)

Here are some other resources to help gather information on this issue as it gathers steam  in Canada and the US:

Hydraulic Fracturing in Canada, Federal Environment Commissioner Scott Vaughan Reports Concerns, List of Fracking Substances in Canada Still Secret

Shale Gas and Hydraulic Fracturing (Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers)

The Modern Practices of Hydraulic Fracturing: A Focus on Canadian Resources (Prepared for Petroleum Technology Alliance Canada and Science and Community Environmental Knowledge Fund)

Hydraulic Fracturing (Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development)

The Economist posted an online debate: Fracking: Do the benefits derived from shale gas outweigh the drawbacks of fracking?

Natural Gas Extraction – Hydraulic Fracturing (United States Environment Protection Agency)

Hydraulic Fracturing (American Petroleum Institute)

Hydraulic Fracturing  (U.S. Geological Survey)

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Studies on Moms and Women

Two recent studies focus on Moms and Women!

Environics Communications has released “The Modern Mom Report“, an in-depth report on the role of motherhood in Canada including which marketing tools are most effective in reaching today’s mothers. The report provides statistics, and covers the generational impact of motherhood in Canada from Millennials to GenXers to Boomers.

The Women Shaping Business Study was released October 15 by Ranstad. The report is based on a survey of over 500 female executives and  managers and explored the challenges and opportunities facing Canadian women in the workplace.  The full report may be downloaded by visiting www.ranstad.ca/womenshapingbusiness/press-room.aspx



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BP Statistical Review 2013

BP recently released the 2013 Statistical Review of World Energy. This is a widely respected and authoritative guide that provides a statistical analysis of the global oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear energy, hydroelectricity and renewable energy sectors.

BP also provides historical statistical data in energy statsits Historical Data Workbook. Find detailed historical data on production, consumption, reserves, prices and more for all energy types dating from 1965 and even back to 1861 for crude oil prices!

Where else can you find energy statistics and prices?

Energy Information Administration (U.S. Department of Energy) (Open Access)

  • Provides prices, statistics and forecasting for: Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, jet fuel, natural gas, electricity, coal and nuclear energy.
  • U.S. and International prices
  • Spot and futures prices
  • Current and historical prices
  • Data may be downloaded to Excel

Monthly Energy Review, Annual Energy Review (U.S. Department of Energy) (Open Access)

  • Current and historical data
  • Total energy production, consumption, and trade; energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and international petroleum; carbon dioxide emissions; financial and environmental indicators.
  • Annual data dates back to 1949

International Energy Agency (Open Access)

  • The Statistics section of this website provides up-to-date key energy statistics globally as well as for individual countries. You may also access statistics by product as well as some reports/publications that may be freely downloaded.
  • World Energy Outlook 2012
  • 2012 Key World Energy Statistics

C.A.P.P. Statistical Handbook (Open Access)

  •     Compiled annually by the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers.
  •     Includes many table and statistics with current and historical information.
  •     Land, Exploration, Drilling, Reserves, Production, Expenditures/Revenues, Prices, Demand/Consumption, Refining and more.

Energy Statistics Handbook (Statistics Canada) (Open Access)

  • This handbook is published quarterly and provides economic indicators as well as detailed data on all sectors of the energy industry in Canada.

Alberta Energy Resource Industries Monthly Statistics  (Open Access)

  • Statistical reports on the Alberta energy industry.

Oil Sands Statistics (Oilsands Review) (Open Access)

  • Click on the “Oilsands Statistics” tab to find budgets and capital expenditures, projects, production, sales, operating costs, emissions etc.





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New Conference Board Reports

The Conference Board has released new reports that are now available to the U of C community.

To access these reports, go to the Conference Board of Canada database; access the eLibrary and search for the reports by title or keyword.

DNA of Leaders: Leadership Development Series
Both business-line executives and human capital professionals at “best companies for leaders” consider “global thinking/mindset” and “integrity” the most critical characteristics for leadership on a global scale.

Metropolitan Outlook 1 Reports: Economic Insights into 13 Canadian Metropolitan Economies: Autumn 2013
Full Report, Halifax, Quebec City, Montreal, Ottawa-Gatineau, Toronto, Hamilton, Winnipeg, Regina, Saskatoon, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver, Victoria

Canada’s Food Services Industry: Industrial Outlook Summer 2013
This report examines the short-and medium-term economic and profitability outlook for Canada’s Food Services Industry.

Canada’s Non-Residential Construction Industry: Industrial Outlook Summer 2013
This report examines the short-and medium-term economic and profitability outlook for Canada’s Non-Residential Construction Industry.

Canada’s Accommodation Industry: Industrial Outlook Summer 2013
This report examines the short-and medium-term economic and profitability outlook for Canada’s Accommodation Industry.

Canada’s Food Manufacturing Industry: Industrial Outlook Summer 2013
This report examines the short-and medium-term economic and profitability outlook for Canada’s Food Manufacturing Industry.

Canada’s Oil Extraction Industry: Industrial Outlook Summer 2013
This report examines the short-and medium-term economic and profitability outlook for Canada’s Oil Extraction Industry.

Canada’s Gas Extraction Industry: Industrial Outlook Summer 2013
This report examines the short-and medium-term economic and profitability outlook for Canada’s Gas Extraction Industry.

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New financial databases

The Business Library now has access to three new financial databases from Thomson Reuters through Wharton Research Data Services (WRDS).

Institutional (13f) Holdings

– ownership  information (common stock holdings and transactions) by institutional managers with > $100 million in assets under management, as reported in Form 13f.

Insiders Data

– all U.S. insider activity as reported on Forms 3, 4, 5, and 144 in line-by-line detail

Mutual Fund Holdings

– provides security holding information for all registered mutual funds that report their holdings with the SEC, plus 3,000 global funds. Reported securities include all NYSE/AMEX/NASDAQ, Toronto, and Montreal common stocks.

Within the past year the Business Library has acquired other advanced financial databases:

AuditAnalytics: Audit & Compliance

Datastream (Thomson Reuters)
– available on selected computers in the Business Library

I/B/E/S (Thomson Reuters)
– available in WRDS

FISD (Fixed Income Securities Database)
– available in WRDS

Deals & League Tables (Thomson Reuters)
– available through the Thomson ONE database

Private Equity (Thomson Reuters)
– available through the Thomson ONE database

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Energy East Pipeline

TransCanada Corp announced its plans to proceed with the Energy East Pipeline that will oil refinerytransport crude oil from Alberta and Saskatchewan to refineries in Eastern Canada.

To learn more about this pipeline and its impact, we have compiled a list of information resources:

TransCanada Corp – Energy East Pipeline
– includes information on the project, route map, the environment, stakeholder engagement, safety overview, regulatory process and more.

Energy East: The economic benefits of TransCanada’s Canadian Mainline conversion project (Deloitte)
-Report released September 10, 2013

Irving Oil – “Irving Oil and TransCanada Announce Joint Venture to Develop New Saint John Marine Terminal”
News release, August 1, 2013

Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers – “Developing New Markets for Canadian Oil”– discusses proposed Canadian and U.S. crude oil pipelines

Canadian Energy Pipeline Association – “Pipelines = Jobs for Canadians”

Natural Resources Canada – “Harper Government Encouraged by Important Milestone in Transportation of Canadian Oil West to East”
News release August 1, 2013

Daily Oil Bulletin (Junewarren-Nickle’s Energy Group)
– several articles have been published in the DOB since TransCanada’s announcement. These articles may be retrieved in the Factiva database.

TransCanada Corp – Morningstar analyst report July 26, 2013 “TransCanada Reports 2Q Results In Line With Expectations”
– U of C students, staff and faculty may access this report through Thomson ONE database.


Harper endorses west-east pipeline; says it will improve energy sales, job market
Globe and Mail, August 2, 2013

The promise and the perils of a pipe to Saint John to Saint John
Shawn McCarthy and Jeffrey Jones, Globe and Mail, Aug. 01 2013

Opponents vow to stop Energy East pipeline:  $12-billion oilsands pipeline going ahead  By James Wood and Reid Southwick, Calgary Herald August 2, 2013

Energy East Pipeline: Irving Oil To Build New Brunswick Terminal For TransCanada
By Kevin Bissett, The Canadian Press, August 2, 2013

TransCanada Proceeds With Pipeline to Eastern Canada
Ben Dummett, Wall Street Journal, August 1, 2013

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Leadership in time of disaster

It seems the media has been full of disaster stories of late – the Lac-Mégantic train explosion, cities flooded, oil spills, food-borne illnesses, derailments and the list goes on.

Leadership in the wake of disaster, whether it be corporate or political, is critical, and this has been the topic of much media attention as well as research papers.

case studies in crisis communicationThis is an excellent collection of cases that examine socio-cultural issues associated with responding to a variety of crises.  The cases are international and cover environmental, health or management successes or failures and more. The book is available in electronic format at the University of Calgary.

Here  a sample of recent media articles that have addressed the issue:

Edward Burkhardt, MM&A Rail
How Edward Burkhardt is Making the Lac Megantic Accident Even Worse
John Baldoni, Forbes, 7/15/2013

Chairman Ed Burkhardt: What he said then and now
The Gazette July 11, 2013

Edward Burkhardt, rail CEO, to visit Lac-Megantic, Quebec, hopes he doesn’t get shot by residents
Ben Brumfield and Paula Newton, CNN, July 10, 2013

The blame game is in full swing in the Lac-Megantic tragedy
Sophie Cousineau, The Globe and Mail, July 09 2013

Lac-Mégantic disaster: Political winners and losers (Commentary)
Pierre Martin, professor of political science at the Université de Montréal
Toronto Star, Jul 18 2013

Hunter Harrison, CP Rail
Nenshi, Canadian Pacific square off over derailment
Josh Wingrove and Jeffrey Jones
The Globe and Mail, Thursday, Jun. 27 2013

Lieutenant-General David Morrison, chief of the Australian Army
Why it’s better to reveal than conceal during a crisis
Harvey Schachter, The Globe and Mail, July 28 2013

Michael McCain, Maple Leaf Foods
The best legal advice is often an apology  (Maple Leaf Foods, Michael McCain, Listeria outbreak)
Tony Wilson, The Globe and Mail
Tuesday, Feb. 01 2011

The testing of Michael McCain
Gordon Pitts
Globe and Mail, Friday, Nov. 28 2008

Pat Daniel, Enbridge
Enbridge brand can be repaired after pipeline spill response: analysts
By Peter O’Neil, Postmedia News July 13, 2012
Here are some scholarly resources related to this issue: (Note: Most of these articles require U of C authentication)

Additional resources:

Maple Leaf Foods: The Listeriosis Crisis – Business case (Richard Ivey School of Business)
Jeffrey Gandz, Ph.D. (Open Access)

Hurd, Joanne E, & Hurd, Joanne E. (1992). Crisis response tools: a layered model of communication support. Texas Tech University. (Dissertation) (Open Access)

Mattila, A. S. (2009). How to handle PR disasters? an examination of the impact of communication response type and failure attributions on consumer perceptions. The Journal of Services Marketing, 23(4), 211-218. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/08876040910965548

Bauman, D. (2011). Evaluating Ethical Approaches to Crisis Leadership: Insights from Unintentional Harm Research. Journal Of Business Ethics, 98(2), 281-295. doi:10.1007/s10551-010-0549-3

Langford, M. (2005). Smelling of roses or drowning in crude oil? A point of view on managing environmental crises. Journal Of Communication Management, 9(4), 365-374.

Coombs, W. T. (2007). Protecting organization reputations during a crisis: The development and application of situational crisis communication theory. Corporate Reputation Review, 10(3), 163-176. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.crr.1550049

W. Timothy Coombs, Sherry J. Holladay. Comparing apology to equivalent crisis response strategies: Clarifying apology’s role and value in crisis communication. Public Relations Review, Volume 34, Issue 3, September 2008, Pages 252–257

Snyder, P., Hall, M., Robertson, J., Jasinski, T., & Miller, J. S. (2006). Ethical Rationality: A Strategic Approach to Organizational Crisis. Journal Of Business Ethics, 63(4), 371-383. doi:10.1007/s10551-005-3328-9

Murru, Maurizio. (n.d.). Bhopal 20 years on: Globalization and corporate responsibility. Department of Health Sciences of Uganda Martyrs University. (Open Access)

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Pipeline or railway?

The recent rail disaster in Lac-Mégantic, Quebec has raised concerns over the safety of oil by railshipping oil by rail.

Increasingly oil companies are turning to rail to transport crude oil around North America. While production rises, proposed  pipelines are held up in legal red tape.  But the environmental risks of shipping oil by rail are arguably greater with increased likelihood of spills.

Check out the following resources regarding this controversy:

Oil shipments by rail have increased 28,000 per cent since 2009 (Canadian Business July 8, 2013)

Safety rules lag as oil transport by train rises (CBC News July 9, 2013)

Railway Association of Canada comment on Lac-Mégantic (July 7, 2013)

Facts on freight railroads safely moving crude oil (American Association of Railroads)

Pipeline vs train safety in focus after Quebec accident (Wall Street Journal July 8, 2013)

All aboard the crude express (Bloomberg BusinessWeek June 17, 2013)

Analyst report: Rail Cars Offer Exposure to Increased Oil Production (Fundamental Research Group April 2013) – access in the Thomson ONE database

With pipelines under attack, railways leading race to move oil (Globe and Mail, Jan. 12, 2013)

Moving Crude Petroleum by Rail (Association of American Railways) Dec. 2012

Shipping crude by rail needs no regulatory approval, PM told (CBC News, Oct 13, 2012)

Analyst report: Can the Rails Narrow the Oil Differential? Feb. 2012 – access in the Thomson ONE database



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‘Whither’ Canadian innovation?

Deloitte has released a new report on productivity and innovation in Canadian companies. The report, titled “The Future of Productivity: A Wake-up Call for Canadian Companies“, reveals that 36% of Canadian businesses aren’t aware that they are under-investing in research and development.

The Science, Technology and Innovation Council also released its third public report that benchmarks Canada’s science, technology and innovation performance against international standards of excellence. According to Michael Geist, the report reveals “The most glaring shortcoming comes from the lack of business investment in research and development activities. Canada ranks 25th out of 41 economies with Canadian businesses failing to keep pace with competitors around the world. Investment in information and communication technologies, which are viewed as an engine of innovation, fared particularly poorly.”

The Conference Board of Canada recently assigned Canada a “D” rating for innovation in its annual report card that compares Canada to 16 other industrialized nations.

In 2011 an Independent Panel on Federal Support to Research and Development reported on the findings of its comprehensive review of support for research and development and made a number of recommendations in its final report “Innovation Canada: A Call to Action“.

As students, where can you get information about a company’s involvement in research and development activities or innovation?

– company financials often include R&D expenditures as a line item in the Income Statement (also referred to as the Profit & Loss Statement).

– company annual reports may discuss research and development initiatives

– news articles and trade publications will often report on company innovation

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